Annuities Distribution to the Cheyenne . Circa 1860 . Fort Larned . Kansas . Watercolor & Gouache . 40" x 21"
... annuity payments were established by the United States Government throughout the 1800's as a means of bribing the indigenous Native American People to cease hostilities against the United States... as settlers, the railroad and industry increasingly encroached upon their territories... and as a meager form of payment for the land that was simultaneously taken from them... a practice that in a more sophisticated application, continues to this day. At Fort Larned, Kansas... Indian Agent Edward Wynkoop administered these distributions to the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Tribes & Jesse Leavenworth conducted transactions for the Comanche, Kiowa and Plains Apache. Wynkoop, a man of integrity, abruptly resigned his position after receiving news, 2 days following George Armstrong Custer's ruthless, pre-dawn massacre of peaceful, Black Kettle Cheyenne, men, women & children at their winter camp along the Washita River, in 1868... in what is now Oklahoma. This illustration was created for the interpretive museum at Fort Larned, Kansas.